“How can we ensure that the bits in a CAN bus are all synchronous?”
CAN buses are a vital part of control infrastructure. Whether it be in the vehicles we drive or the drones that fly around us, CAN buses are there to make sure things work well. However, their synchronization needs to be ensured during operation. This can be achieved through the use of Bit Stuffing, in which any part of the data which has 5 bits of the same polarity 5 times in a row will have a bit of opposite polarity inserted after it. The bits can be unstuffed by the receiver once it takes it in.
Image credit m.eet.com
Why Solar Hot Water Heaters Save Can Save A Lot of Energy and Money
“How can installing a solar hot water heater save you a lot of energy and money?”
One of the most energy intensive processes in building energy consumption is heating hot water. Millions of kilowatt hours go into this process every year, consuming a voluminous amount of energy and money. However, by installing a solar hot water heater which can do this passively, not only does energy usage plummet but also cost. This is Why Solar Hot Water Heaters Save Can Save A Lot of Energy and Money.
Image credit 5.imimg.com
How Solar and Wind Will Be so Cheap That It Will Cause Coal Plants to Retire
“How will the low cost of renewables force coal plants to retire early?”
Solar and wind are dropping at cataclysmic rates. So much so, that new analysis has shown that soon in some parts of the world renewables will be so cheap that installing them will actually be cheaper than keeping existing coal infrastructure running, economically forcing such plants into early retirement. This is How Solar and Wind Will Be so Cheap That It Will Cause Coal Plants to Retire.
Clean Peak Standard
“How can we mandate that peak hour energy use utilizes a certain number of clean energy?”
Renewable energy mandates have been vital for the escalation of renewable energy. However, renewable energy powers only a tepid amount of the grid during peak energy use hours once the sun goes down. To solve this, utilities and governments can implement a Clean Peak Standard, which mandates that peak hours are powered by a certain amount of clean energy. The U.S Stated of Arizona, California, and Massachusetts are currently reviewing these for the prospect of implementation.
Real-Time Energy Markets
“How is energy traded in real-time?”
Because energy is such a critical infrastructure, it needs to be planned out and purchased ahead of time. However, not all predictions are perfect, and sometimes energy needs to be provided the day of. This results in the creation of a Real-Time Energy Market where energy can be traded quickly to meet system needs. The purchasing costs of energy in real time tends to be more expensive and price volatile than its day-ahead equivalent.
“How can flameless cooking be done through magnetism?”
Preparing food is one of the most important elements of human life. Every culture has placed some form of emphasis on it, and cherishes it to the utmost. However, in the past in has relied on burning gas, coal, or wood to operate. Not only is this dangerous to the environment and human health but is also inefficient. But with the advance of new technology, cooking can be done in an entirely new way. Instead of having separate burners, the cookstove can be a flat magnetic plate. When activated, the magnets will induce eddy currents into the cookware, generating heat and cooking food. Not only is this much more energy efficient but also uses no flames! This Induction Cooking is a great way to decarbonize the world of cooking.
Image credit Wikipedia
Day Ahead Energy Forecasting
“How can an area’s energy needs be forecasted a day before it is actually produced?”
Energy is the lifeline to all modern day life. Whether it be charging up our laptops for work or keeping our food in the fridge cold. But in order to accomplish this energy must be generated and delivered for end use. To see how much energy is needed, utilities do something called Day Ahead Energy Forecasting in which utilities will use prior data and weather predictions to predict what energy load for the next day will need to be delivered.