“How can cities be designed to absorb water from floods instead of block it?”
With rising sea levels and rain penetration due to climate change, cities are looking for ways to adapt. Although the most popular methods typically involve building massive pieces of infrastructure such as sea walls, more natural ways to solve this are available. One innovative way is to remodel urban areas as Sponge Cities. Sponge cities are cities with large volumes of greenery that can absorb any torrent of water. These green spaces can range from gardens to green roofs to simple porous designs. Sponge cities not only make municipalities more resilient to climate change but also prevent discharge of polluted water, increases biodiversity, and improve quality of life.
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Multi-Hazard Resilience Planning
“How can resilience planners prepare for multiple effects?”
Climate change is exacerbating more than just a single disaster per zone. In many locations, multiple hazards are occurring at the same time. For example, in the San Francisco Bay Area not only are wildfires becoming more frequent and powerful but coastal flooding is also growing day by day. Because of this, resilience professions will have to prepare for all of these using Multi-Hazard Resilience Planning, in which every single piece that can go wrong will be taken into account.
Why Urban Sprawl is a Climate Resilience Issue
“Why is urban sprawl a climate resilience issue?”
Urban Sprawl has been known for a long time to be a climate mitigation issue. However, having a sprawling urban form also makes it more vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Being reliant on automobile transportation makes evacuation much more difficult and deadly in the case of a climate emergency such as a wildfire or a hurricane. Sprawling development encourages living spaces to be built on environmentally unsafe spaced such as flood zones and the wildland-urban interface. This shows Why Urban Sprawl is a Climate Resilience Issue.
“When is the season wetter than normal?”
Everything in this world must strike a balance. Just like there are seasons that are drier than average, there are seasons that are wetter than average. With climate change, these Wet Seasons are being driven out of whack.
“What are seasons with little rain?”
Seasons all over the world are quite dynamic. Periods with little rain are often called Dry Season and are one of the primary causes behind droughts and wildfires.
Material Use Reduction as a Form of Resilience
“How can reducing material use be a form of resilience?”
Our modern civilization rests upon the consumption of materials. However, in the case of a supply-chain shock, whether it be natural or human-driven, can disrupt our internal balance. But just like reducing energy use can lead to increased security, reducing material use can protect against these sudden events. This is Material Use Reduction as a Form of Resilience.
MERV 8 Filters
“What is the most common of all the air filter types?”
Air filters come in many different shapes and sizes. However, the most common type of air filters has to be MERV 8 Filters due to their mandatory inclusion by the policy of many U.S States.
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