How to Properly Dispose of Batteries in the United States
“How should one properly dispose of batteries in the United States?”
Although incredibly commonplace, batteries are also some of the most toxic devices manufactured today. Their corrosive electrolytes and elements make them dangerous to throw away without any consideration. For this reason, some batteries must be disposed of in a special manner. If you live in the U.S in a state that is not California, all batteries except for watch batteries can be disposed of in the trash. If you would like to recycle a single-use battery, you must contact a local solid waste district to learn if there is a nearby collection program or upcoming event, find a battery recycling center, or find a mail-in battery recycling program. This is How to Properly Dispose of Batteries in the United States.
“What causes a battery to leak and what are the repercussions?”
Batteries are usually formed by storing potential energy in an electrolyte. But if there’s a rupture on the external structure, then the electrolyte can leak out. If this liquid comes in contact with the human skin before it reacts with oxygen in the atmosphere, then the Battery Leakage can cause great harm.
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“How can we prepare emergency response teams against drastic events?”
With the advent of climate change, weather disasters are becoming not only more common but also more severe. As a result, emergency response teams need to become prepared to take action at any moment. This can be accomplished using having them go through Resilience Drills, in which they act out potential scenes of disasters and finding a quick solution.
“How can we build resilience against floods?”
With the advent of the changing climate, floods are becoming much more commonplace, whether it be as a result from hurricanes, rainstorms, or overflowing rivers. As a result, humanity will need to build resilience against these issues using Flood Resilience.
The Carbon Footprint of Wind Energy
“What is the carbon footprint of wind energy?”
As we discussed earlier in the carbon footprint of solar energy, even the greenest of technologies have an environmental impact. Wind energy is no exception to this rule. During manufacturing, rare-earth minerals have to be scavenged up and forged to produce the technology, creating CO2 emissions in the process. Although these problems are caused by the creation of wind turbines, research has shown that their operate produces only a 90th of greenhouse gases of coal plants and a 40th of natural gas plants (Dolan et. al 2012), making their energy payback period as quick as six months in some areas! (Haapala and Prempreeda 2014). As a result, when discussing The Carbon Footprint of Wind Energy, one must realize that most of it is simply concentrated in the manufacturing phase.
Dolan, S. L., & Heath, G. A. (2012). Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Utility-Scale Wind Power. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 16(s1), S136–S154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00464.x
Karl R. Haapala; Preedanood Prempreeda. Comparative life cycle assessment of 2.0 MW wind turbines. International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing, 2014 DOI: 10.1504/IJSM.2014.062496
The Carbon Footprint of Solar Energy
“How does solar energy have a carbon footprint?”
Renewable energy is marketed as being clean and healthy for the planet. However, like all industrial processes in this world, its manufacturing phase produces pollutive byproducts. Solar panels are made through the extraction of minerals such as quartz and the use of high temperatures. All of these actions are not only energy intensive but also creates greenhouse gasses. But even through solar panels have a carbon footprint associated with their construction, the fact that they do not produce any climate externalities during operation mean that they will emit much less carbon over their lifetime than traditional energy sources. In fact, research has shown that by displacing other more carbon intensive energy sources they can pay back their production pollution in as little as a few months (Comodi et. al. 2016) ! And with more and more factories adopting renewable energy as their power source and using cleaner production methods, the The Carbon Footprint of Solar Energy will only shrink in the future.
Comodi, G., Bevilacqua, M., Caresana, F., Paciarotti, C., Pelagalli, L., & Venella, P. (2016). Life cycle assessment and energy-CO2-economic payback analyses of renewable domestic hot water systems with unglazed and glazed solar thermal panels. Applied Energy, 164, 944–955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.036
“Why might people have to move away from certain areas because of climate change?”
Without a doubt, climate change is causing sea levels to rise and wildfires to spread. And as such, property near the coast or in fire-prone areas will be damaged. Things may get so drastic that a Managed Retreat of civilians away from these zones may need to be performed in order to prevent further losses.
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