“How can we make a sturdy conductive cable?”
Transmission lines need large amounts of cables to travel long distances. However, this means that they will also need to be sturdy and rigid while being lightweight. This can be solved by placing a steel holder wire surrounded by aluminum wires in a setup known as ACSR Cables (Aluminium-conductor steel-reinforced cable). ACR cables are widely utilized in India, forming the bulk of power transmission cables.
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“How can we use sand for protection?”
Sand is a marvelous material. It’s inexpensive, sturdy, and plentiful. So why don’t we just put it in an easy to use container for engineering purposes? This is the idea behind Sandbags which can be applied from flood control to military defense.
“What is Clay?”
Many children around the world play with clay when they are young. But what exactly are they? Well, when natural rock or soil material is highly grounded, it can combine with a large amount of other elements overtime to make Clay. Clay’s flexibility and strength when hardened have made it useful in building materials and early writing utensils.
“How can we have hyper distributed electricity generation?”
With the advent of climate change, distributed energy resources are proliferating at ever-expanding rates. However, sometimes this decentralized generation must be taken to the utmost levels to ensure infrastructure vitality. Anything of less than or equal to 500 kW of distributed energy generation is known as Dispersed Generation. An Example of dispersed generation includes rooftop photovoltaics.
“How can mudflow happen?”
It is well known that the ground is made of dirt. And when this dirt becomes moist in the event of rainfall, it will have less cohesiveness and can flow out. These events are known as Mudslides and can trigger extensive property damage.
“How is electricity lost in copper?”
Current flow is one of the basis of operation for transformers. However, when the current will heat up the transformer, causing energy losses. These are known as Copper Losses and must be taken into account during transformer design.
Energy Control Systems
“How does the electrical grid control power flow?”
The modern grid is becoming more and more digital than ever. To control everything going on, Energy Control Systems are used to monitor and dispatch loads when necessary.