Why Informing Citizens of the Risk of Power Outages Is Important for Making Public Resilience Decisions
“What is the importance of informing people about the risk of power outages?”
Power outages occur from time to time. And when they do, it could cause great harm to existing infrastructure, both public and private. HVAC systems will shut down, food in fridges will rot, and pipes might freeze over. That being said, there are a large amount of citizens who are not aware of the totality of the risks. If they become informed, then they can make better decisions and help contribute to making better public decisions about infrastructure. This is Why Informing Citizens of the Risk of Power Outages Is Important for Making Public Resilience Decisions.
Infrastructure System Interdependence
“How do multiple infrastructure systems affect one another?”
Critical Infrastructure Systems are woven into the fabric of our everyday life. Whether it be the electricity we use to power our computers or the water pumps that we drink from, there is some resource behind it. And in the modern world, all of these systems seem to be interconnected, such as electricity for water-pumps or water for agriculture. As a consequence, if one of these systems go haywire then there will be consequences across all infrastructure systems. This coupling is known as Infrastructure System Interdependence and is used by policy-makers and engineers to analyze resilience risk.
Digitization and Its Implications for Manufacturing
“What is digitization and how will it affect manufacturing?”
With the rise of the industrial internet of things, engineering processes are moving more and more towards the digital realm. This means that components once limited to the physical realm, such as mail and design models, are moving into the virtual one as e-mail and CAD. This digitization will have a lot of ramifications for the manufacturing sector, where processes will now be less prone to human error and move a lot faster while being more prone to cyber-security issues. This are the Implications for Manufacturing from Digitization.
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“How can we ensure that the bits in a CAN bus are all synchronous?”
CAN buses are a vital part of control infrastructure. Whether it be in the vehicles we drive or the drones that fly around us, CAN buses are there to make sure things work well. However, their synchronization needs to be ensured during operation. This can be achieved through the use of Bit Stuffing, in which any part of the data which has 5 bits of the same polarity 5 times in a row will have a bit of opposite polarity inserted after it. The bits can be unstuffed by the receiver once it takes it in.
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Why Solar Hot Water Heaters Save Can Save A Lot of Energy and Money
“How can installing a solar hot water heater save you a lot of energy and money?”
One of the most energy intensive processes in building energy consumption is heating hot water. Millions of kilowatt hours go into this process every year, consuming a voluminous amount of energy and money. However, by installing a solar hot water heater which can do this passively, not only does energy usage plummet but also cost. This is Why Solar Hot Water Heaters Save Can Save A Lot of Energy and Money.
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How Solar and Wind Will Be so Cheap That It Will Cause Coal Plants to Retire
“How will the low cost of renewables force coal plants to retire early?”
Solar and wind are dropping at cataclysmic rates. So much so, that new analysis has shown that soon in some parts of the world renewables will be so cheap that installing them will actually be cheaper than keeping existing coal infrastructure running, economically forcing such plants into early retirement. This is How Solar and Wind Will Be so Cheap That It Will Cause Coal Plants to Retire.
Clean Peak Standard
“How can we mandate that peak hour energy use utilizes a certain number of clean energy?”
Renewable energy mandates have been vital for the escalation of renewable energy. However, renewable energy powers only a tepid amount of the grid during peak energy use hours once the sun goes down. To solve this, utilities and governments can implement a Clean Peak Standard, which mandates that peak hours are powered by a certain amount of clean energy. The U.S Stated of Arizona, California, and Massachusetts are currently reviewing these for the prospect of implementation.