“How can we ensure that a battery does not get depleted or overcharged while we are using it?”
Much of our current technological operating infrastructure rests upon battery technologies. These simple devices allow us to store energy in a portable format for later use, such as in electric vehicles and micro-grid systems. However, because they are so vital for many systems, if they become depleted or overcharged, then all operation could be thrown into catastrophe. So how can we modify such systems to ensure that the state of charge for batteries are always at a stable level? Well, let’s use our engineering mindset to solve this issue. For this sort of problem, it looks like some sort of monitoring would be needed. So what if we made a device that could sense if a battery was becoming overcharged or over discharged it would shut down current? This is the operating principle behind a technology known as charge controllers, which have become an essential part for numerous renewable energy systems.