Month: September 2019

Transmission Bottlenecks

Transmission Bottlenecks

Transmission Bottlenecks

09/30/19

“What are bottlenecks to electricity transmission?”

Electrons moves along transmission lines analogous to cars through a freeway. And like cars, if there is too much trying to get through at the same time, it leads to complete obstruction. These transmission bottlenecks are the bane of every utility, and will become a hindrance for renewable energy as peak electricity production hours often leads to a sudden surge of new electrons.

P.M 2.5

P.M 2.5

P.M 2.5

09/29/19

“What is the type of air pollution that makes skies blurry?”

One of the most famous visuals of the effects of air pollution are the blurry and disrupted skies. Whether it be from the urban centers of India, the smokestacks of Chinese factories, or the wildfires in California. One of the main causes of this is from particulate matter the size of 2.5 microns, commonly referred to as P.M 2.5. P.M 2.5 arises from burning materials and can travel deeply into the lungs of humans, causing intense medical damage. 

How Levees Can Perpetuate Climate Inequality

How Levees Can Perpetuate Climate Inequality

How Levees Can Perpetuate Climate Inequality

09/28/19

“How can levees perpetuate climate inequality?”

Levees are used by civil engineers to prevent rivers from overflowing. However, this can cause the flood to become worse at the other end of the levee, and harm an area further down which does not have the capabilities to defend themselves. This is How Levees Can Perpetuate Climate Inequality.

Image credit scx1.b-cdn.net

Thermoelectric Power

Thermoelectric Power

Thermoelectric Power

06/16/19

“How is the majority of electrical energy made?”

Energy is the backbone of modern infrastructure. Whether it be for making our coffee or powering our stock-markets. And the majority of this runs on the earliest version of this technology, in which water or another fluid is heated and evaporated to run a turbine to make Thermoelectric Power.

How Wildfires Can Affect Water Quality

How Wildfires Can Affect Water Quality

How Wildfires Can Affect Water Quality

09/26/19

“How is water quality affected by wildfires?”

Wildfires are infamous for spewing toxic fumes into the atmosphere and destroying air quality. But what’s lesser-known are its effects on water quality. Since wildfires spawn ash and particles, these can settle on water, destroying its purity. This is How Wildfires Can Affect Water Quality.

Image credit e360.yale.edu

Biosafety Cabinets

Biosafety Cabinets

Biosafety Cabinets

09/25/19

“How do exhaust systems for biology labs work?”

Chemical fume hoods are vital for exhausting noxious fumes from scientific labs. However, biology labs have needs that are more sensitive. Since they are dealing with live organisms, fumes from their lab spaces cannot mix with others and exhaust air will need to be more filtered. For this reason, Specially designed Biosafety Cabinets will have to be used. 

Image credit http://www.labconco.com

Porosity

Porosity

Porosity

09/24/19

“How can we measure how porous an object is?”

If an object is porous it means that it has empty space in it. The measure of this empty space is known as the Porosity, and can be found on a sliding scale from zero percent to one hundred percent. 

Image credit https://i.ytimg.com

Single-use Plastics

Single-use Plastics

Single-use Plastics

09/23/19

“What exactly are single-use plastic and why are they so bad?”

Plastic is a very useful material. It’s flexible, fairly non-reactive, and strong, making it applicable for single-use grocery bags. However, the fact that Single-use Plastics are not recyclable and biodegradable means that they will end up in a land-fill and release toxic chemicals into the environment. To solve this crisis, a new generation of thinkers will have to come up with innovative policy and technical solutions. This could be anyone, from a regular Joe to someone whose name rhymes with Narina.

How Climate Change Induced Droughts Will Impinge upon Conventional Power Generation

How Climate Change Induced Droughts Will Impinge upon Conventional Power Generation

How Climate Change Induced Droughts Will Impinge upon Conventional Power Generation

09/22/19

“How will the increasing frequency of droughts affect conventional power generation?”

Although usually thought of as being completely self-sufficient, conventional power generation relies a great deal on water for its operations. With the increasing frequency of droughts induced by climate change, water will become a more scarce resource in many parts of the globe, therefore reducing a vital feedstock for conventional power. This is How Climate Change Induced Droughts Will Impinge upon Conventional Power Generation.