“How can we recycle water?”
Water is a precious resource. Being the lifeblood of human civilization, populations need to be constantly supplied with it. And since in many areas of the planet freshwater can be a scarce resource, Water Recycling may play a huge opportunity to mitigate this. Water Recycling is increasingly becoming an important part of climate adaptation in arid zones such as the Middle East and California.
Image credit eagleenvironmental.us
Water Infrastructure Maintenance
“Why does water infrastructure require regular maintenance?”
Water infrastructure is vital for a society to function. However, like any other piece of engineering, over time it falls into disrepair. For this reason, Water Infrastructure Maintenance must be made a priority and taken into consideration by utilities and their regulators.
Telemetry for Water Pipes
“How can we measure data in water pipes?”
Water pipes are one of the most fundamental pieces of infrastructure in the world. However, sometimes data may need to be harvested at certain locations in it. This can be accomplished using Telemetry for Water Pipes, in which sensors are inserted and measurements are taken at designated intervals. Telemetry for water pipes is extremely useful for monitoring faults and problems in infrastructure.
Fluid Flow Monitoring in Pipes
“How can we monitor fluid flow in pipes?”
Pipes are one of the cornerstones of our modern infrastructure. However, sometimes we may need to monitor how much water goes through it in case of any trouble arising. Through Fluid Flow Monitoring in Pipes using sensors, we can see the flow rate of the fluids and when they become critical. This can become very useful for flood resilience work.
How Climate Change Will Affect Hydropower Production
“How will climate change affect hydropower production?”
With the advent of climate change, precipitation levels will drastically increase in some areas and decrease in others. The former can cause water body flooding while the latter would lead to drought. These events could destroy the hydropower plant parts and diminish the energy source respectively. This is How Climate Change Will Affect Hydropower Production.
Image credit student-energy.s3.amazonaws.com
“How do exhaust systems for biology labs work?”
Chemical fume hoods are vital for exhausting noxious fumes from scientific labs. However, biology labs have needs that are more sensitive. Since they are dealing with live organisms, fumes from their lab spaces cannot mix with others and exhaust air will need to be more filtered. For this reason, Specially designed Biosafety Cabinets will have to be used.
Image credit http://www.labconco.com
Ductless Fume Hoods
“How can we have a fume hood without ducts?”
Fume hoods are well known for their ducts. However, is it possible to have fume hoods without ducts? Well, with Ductless Fume Hoods, we can suck up chemical fumes from all over the workplace and filter it out into the atmosphere.
Image credit http://www.britevisualproducts.com
VAV Fume Hoods
“How can we make fume hoods better performing?”
Fume hoods are a vital component for any scientific lab. Without them dangerous fumes would not be able to be ventilated away and people working in the lab could have their lives at stake. When common solution is to implement a CAV fume hood. However, the fact that the air volume exchange rate does not vary leaves it with performance and energy inefficiencies. This can be solved by implementing VAV Fume Hoods (Variable Air Volume) which can change its air intake when needed. Labs that implement this often see great strides in performance and energy effectiveness.
Image credit http://www.locscientific.comImage credit
“What are the simplest types of fume hoods?”
Fume hoods are used to take in fumes from chemical lab stations and ventilate them into the atmosphere. The simplest type is where the fume hood releases the same amount of air at a constant rate all the time, no matter what. These CAV Fume hoods (Constant Air Volume) are the simplest type of fume hoods available. The fact that they cannot change their air velocity in response to external stimuli means that they give sub-optimal performance.
Image credit modular-laboratoryfurniture.com