“How do pipelines become fatigued after use?”
Pipelines are the blood vessels of many municipal water infrastructure systems. However, like most pieces of machinery, the more it is used the more damage it will develop. This can turn into things like crack propagation and rusting. Because of this, Pipeline Fatigue is something very important that engineers and municipal planners have to look out for.
Utility Well Replacements
“Why do water utilities need to replace wells?”
Utility wells break down from time-to-time, whether it be because of wear and tear or physical contamination. To solve this, Utility Well Replacements need to occur so customers can receive a safe and adequate supply of water.
Saltwater Intrusion Analytics
“How can we use analytics to detect saltwater intrusion?”
Saltwater can be highly corrosive. It rusts pipes, fries electronics, and messes up everything. To solve this, analytic software can be implemented to monitor if saltwater is entering a facility and take corrective action if too much buildup has occurred. This is how Saltwater Intrusion Analytics can be used to protect infrastructure.
“How can we recycle water?”
Water is a precious resource. Being the lifeblood of human civilization, populations need to be constantly supplied with it. And since in many areas of the planet freshwater can be a scarce resource, Water Recycling may play a huge opportunity to mitigate this. Water Recycling is increasingly becoming an important part of climate adaptation in arid zones such as the Middle East and California.
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Water Infrastructure Maintenance
“Why does water infrastructure require regular maintenance?”
Water infrastructure is vital for a society to function. However, like any other piece of engineering, over time it falls into disrepair. For this reason, Water Infrastructure Maintenance must be made a priority and taken into consideration by utilities and their regulators.
Telemetry for Water Pipes
“How can we measure data in water pipes?”
Water pipes are one of the most fundamental pieces of infrastructure in the world. However, sometimes data may need to be harvested at certain locations in it. This can be accomplished using Telemetry for Water Pipes, in which sensors are inserted and measurements are taken at designated intervals. Telemetry for water pipes is extremely useful for monitoring faults and problems in infrastructure.
Fluid Flow Monitoring in Pipes
“How can we monitor fluid flow in pipes?”
Pipes are one of the cornerstones of our modern infrastructure. However, sometimes we may need to monitor how much water goes through it in case of any trouble arising. Through Fluid Flow Monitoring in Pipes using sensors, we can see the flow rate of the fluids and when they become critical. This can become very useful for flood resilience work.
How Climate Change Will Affect Hydropower Production
“How will climate change affect hydropower production?”
With the advent of climate change, precipitation levels will drastically increase in some areas and decrease in others. The former can cause water body flooding while the latter would lead to drought. These events could destroy the hydropower plant parts and diminish the energy source respectively. This is How Climate Change Will Affect Hydropower Production.
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“How do exhaust systems for biology labs work?”
Chemical fume hoods are vital for exhausting noxious fumes from scientific labs. However, biology labs have needs that are more sensitive. Since they are dealing with live organisms, fumes from their lab spaces cannot mix with others and exhaust air will need to be more filtered. For this reason, Specially designed Biosafety Cabinets will have to be used.
Image credit http://www.labconco.com