“How can we remove without using a gas?”
When most people think of a heat removal device, they probably visualize a fan based systems which released cooled air. However, using a gas can be hard to control, and may also require a lot of room. So how can we use our engineering mindset to solve this problem? Well, what if we were to replace the primary medium with a liquid, such as water? This would allow us to take advantage of water’s higher specific heat capacity, density, and thermal conductivity to optimize efficiency while ensuring that operations are non-toxic and inexpensive. This increased capacity made water cooling very popular in computer and automotive hardware enthusiasts since this process takes less space and can deliver more cooling. On the downside, using water might accelerate corrosion in metallic substances.