Thermostatically Controlled Loads
“How exactly can we model loads that are controlled by thermostats?”
Machines take energy from the grid under many parameters. And some of them are controlled by environmental temperatures, such as temperature. And a portion of these units (such as HVAC systems, water boilers, and refrigerators) try to match their setpoints to a value on a thermostat. These machines are known as thermostatically controlled loads and are used in grid-building system modeling to generate predictions about demand side energy usage.