“Have you ever wondered about what protein exactly is?”
Do you know what are the “worker” units of a cell are? Well, believe it or not, they are actually something that you hear of everyday, proteins. Now, you might find it a bit funny that such an important part of biology is named after a simple nutrient, but you will soon find out why they are so necessary.Proteins simply are polymers of smaller units called amino acids, of which there are twenty different types that can be combined to make a protein. These different combinations can specialize a protein to do different tasks. For example, one combination called an antibody is used to neutralize foreign particles (such as viruses and bacteria). Another combination is called an enzyme, which can carry out all of the chemical reactions within a cell and help out with the formation of new molecules by reading the genetic information within a cell. Messenger proteins can transmit different signals to correspond different processes between biological frameworks such as organs, tissues, and cells. A structural component protein gives a cell a framework for it to move, and a transport/storage protein can bind and carry small molecules within a body. So by consuming proteins, you can obtain many necessary units for your body’s function!