Joule heating

Joule heating

Joule heating


What effects does dissipated current have on a wire?

Let’s think about something. When particles move through a conductor, we know that they do not move in a straight line, but instead in a semi-random and chaotic pattern of colliding off the walls of the material. During the collision process, some of the kinetic energy of the electrons is converted into thermal energy inside the conductor. After a while, this process (Which scientists and engineers have termed joule heating) will have a macroscopic effect on the temperature of the material. We can quantify Joule heating by using the formula H = k* I^2 *R * T, where H is the heat, K is a constant I is the current, and R is the resistance of the material. One very pragmatic application of joule heating is in a technology that we all know of, the incandescent light bulb. The increased temperature of the filament in the light bulb causes it to glow, which gives off light to the surrounding area.

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